Stanley Medical College,
Chennai – 600 001,
Tamil Nadu, India.
Postal Code – 600 001
Stanley Hospital is one of the oldest Medical centers in India for medical treatment and education, the seeds for it having been sown as early as 1797 by the East India Company. Stanley Medical College is rated one among the top medical colleges in the country.
In 1781, Madras experienced one of the worst famines in its history, affecting one-third of the population. Black Town, the most densely populated and poorest quarter of the Northern End of the city, was most badly hit. In 1782, the Government of Madras Presidency and St Mary’s Church in the Fort jointly launched what was perhaps the first-ever organized charity in India in a small building rented by the Famine Relief Committee just outside the walls of Black Town. As part of relief operations, kanji (rice gruel) was served to people in a thotti (vessel) – and so the name ‘kanji thotti’ choultry or rest house. This rented house later became the Monegar Choultry, believed to be named after a village headman, a manugakkaran (‘monegar’), who ran a gruel centre there for the destitute. Many years later, when Stanley Hospital came into being in the same campus, locals called it the ‘kanji thotti hospital’
An early record notes that in 1797, an Hospital and dispensary in the premises of the Monegar Choultry called the ‘ Native Infirmary ‘ was established by Asst. Surgeon John Holen Underwood . When he offered to construct the buildings himself on government-provided land and “pay rental not exceeding 100 pagodas a month”, the Government agreed and the operational cost was met by donations. The sick were treated in three different establishments, a dispensary for out-patients, half a dozen sheds for in-patients and special wards for chronic cases. Within a month of formal establishment, the Infirmary had nearly 90 inpatients.
By the end of 1807, the Committee of the Native Infirmary represented to Government on the fact that voluntary contributions had diminished and that funds for the Infirmary needed to be increased. It requested the grant of a village for its permanent support. The Monegar Choultry and Native Infirmary and the two were consolidated on November 1, 1809.
Stanley Medical College (SMC) is a government medical college with hospitals located in Chennai (Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Though the original hospital is more than 200 years old, the medical college was formally established on July 2, 1938. Stanley Medical College was ranked 22nd in the India Today 2014 survey.
The medical college and the hospital include a Centre of Excellence for Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery and a separate cadaver maintenance unit, the first in the country. By legacy, the hospital’s anatomy department receives corpses for scientific study from the Monegar Choultry from which the hospital historically descended.
Admissions to Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) and post-graduate (MD, MS, other diplomas and higher specialties) are through state (85% seats) and national (15%) entrance examinations. Reservations of seats and reduced tuition are available to underserved communities. Admissions are open only to Indian citizens, and are highly competitive. Admissions to the MBBS program (about 250 seats per year) are based on a weighted aggregate of the entrance exam and high-school final exam scores. About 1 in 40 applicants are accepted to the MBBS program statewide (about 1500 seats in 15 medical colleges), and only the top-rankers among those accepted to the MBBS program statewide are admitted to Stanley Medical College bringing the effective admission rate to less than 1 in 200. Several seats in post-graduate programs are reserved for physicians in Government service.